صفحه اصلی Articles English Translate of Abstracts of Farsi Articles in Quarterly No. 20

English Translate of Abstracts of Farsi Articles in Quarterly No. 20

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An Analysis of the Baha’i Scholarship and ABS Project

Mohammad Hosseini

Abstract

This article explains the project named Baha’i Studies by exploring the keyword Baha’i scholarship. According to the article, Baha’i Studies refers to a long-term strategy that has been clearly taken seriously since the time of Shoghi Effendi. Although this grand project was not carried out during Shoghi’s lifetime, it was followed with vigor and precision. The second half of the twentieth century shows the formation and development of this project. Baha’I Studies covers the idea that the flow of knowledge about Baha’ism should not be defined by non-Baha’is, and the Baha’i community should not be passive in this regard. Secondly, to establish a strong connection between the Baha’is and the current sciences; and thirdly, to involve the Baha’is in the process of resolving global problems! The ultimate goal of this project is to conquer the gates of the World Order by the Baha’is.

Keywords

Baha’i Studies, Scholarships, Bahai Institutions, World Order.

Book Review of Some Answered Questions

 (Mofavezaat), Part II: Interpretation of Abdul-Baha’s from

John’s Revelation

Hamid Sedehi, Seyed Mohammad Reza Tabatabai

Abstract

Last year marked 100th anniversary of the death of Abbas Efendi, Abdu’l-Baha. He was the eldest son of the founder of the Baha’i Faith and he is referred to by lofty titles such as “Serullah” (the mystery of God).

On this occasion, this article deals with one of his most important works, Some Answered Questions (Mofavezaat). In this book, which include the questions and answers between Clifford Barney and him, ‘Abdu’l-Baha interprets John’s Revelation in the New Testament and adopts its apocalyptic literature to Bab and Baha’u’llah. In this research, an attempt has been made to investigate the shortcomings of Abdu’l-Baha’s interpretation and its incompatibility with the real and historical events.

Key words

 Abdu’l-Baha, Controversies, Revelations of John, Bible, Some Answered Questions.

 

 

 

History of Taqiyya in Baha’ism from Kamran Iqbal

 A.Hussein Fakhari

Abstract

The Baha’is claim that Taqiyya (Dissimulation) is forbidden in the Baha’i Faith, and they considers it to be a kind of hypocrisy and lying. However, examination of various documents shows that Baha’i leaders and elders believed in and commanded it, but it has been banned during the Shoghi’s leadership.

Kamran Iqbal, retired director of the Department of Middle East and Islamic History of the University of Bochum, Germany, has published an interesting article on this subject and provided important evidences from Baha’i sources. One Baha’i wrote a critique about it, and Dr. Iqbal responded to him. Here Iqbal’s article and his answer are reviewed.

Keywords

Taqiyya, Wisdom, Lies, Baha’is, Baha’u’llah, ‘Abdu’l-Baha, Shoghi Effendi, Kamran Iqbal, Muhammad Mustafa Baghdadi.

 

 

 

Abdu’l-Baha’s Secret Activities against his critics

Translated and compiled by Hamid Farnagh

Abstract

The unity of the human world is one of the important teachings of the Baha’i  Faith, based on which Baha’i leaders, including Abdu’l-Baha, recommend that all human beings, friends and foes alike, be treated kindly and viewed with one eye, even if one he oppressed you, not only should he not retaliate, but he should also be treated well. However, when we look at history, we come across behaviors from Abdul-Baha’ that are quite to the opposite of such advice. This article discusses two examples of those behaviors: the threat of Ibrahim George Khayrullah to assassinate and the murder of Mirza Yahya. The important thing about these two people is that they were both Baha’is and, of course, after some time they had disagreements with Abdu’l-Baha.

Key words

Abdul-Baha’, Ibrahim George Khayrullah, Edward Brown, Murder, Threat of Murder

 

 

 

A Critique of the Azalis on the Introduction to the Book Nuqtat Al-Kaf

Mahdi Habibi

Abstract

Mirza Mahdi Amin (nicknamed as Esmollah Al – Hami), who was a well-known Azali and a friend of Edward Browne, at the end of his book “Rejection of the Baha’is – the reason for the astonishments ”(Dalil al – Motehayyerin) lists some of the shortcomings of Browne’s introduction to the book “Nuqtat Al-Kaf “. This text is a short glimpse of the Azalis’ reasons – based on the works of Bab- about the invalidity of the Baha’is claims. There are reasons to show that Baha’u’llah could not be the person whom He (the Bab) had promised to come.

Keywords

 Mirza Mahdi Amin, Edward G. Browne, Nuqtat Al-Kaf, Subh Azal, Bahaا’u’llah, Dalil al – Motehayyerin.

 

 

 

Edward G. Browne, and Critique of the Historiography of the Baha’is

Sayyid Miqdad Nabavi Razavi (M.A. in Islamic History, Shahid Beheshti University)

Maryam Sadat Emami Shoushtari (M.A. Persian Literature, Al-Zahra University)

Abstract

Edward Browne (Professor of Oriental Studies at the University of Cambridge) has conducted important researches in the fields of Babi and Baha’i studies, which are fundamental to the study of their histories and teachings. One of his most important works was the publication of the Book Nuqtat Al-Kaf, which challenged the foundation of the Baha’i Faith. This study, while reviewing his scholar work, deals with the book and shows the originality of this work by referring to the reaction of the Baha’is to it.

Keywords

Edward Browne, Mirza Mohammad Khan Qazvini, Abbas Effendi, New History, Nuqtat Al-Kaf.

Shaikhi narration of the preaching of Haj Mohammad Karim Khan Kermānī by the Bab

Abstract

This article is about the Shaikhi narration of meeting of Haj Mohammad Karim Khan Kermānī with Mulla Sadegh Moqaddas Khurasani. The dialogue was very important because Haj Mohammad Karim Khan explained to him about his high position with Seyed Kazim Rashti and stated strong and convincing reasons against Bab’s invitation.

Keywords

Mohammad Karim Khan Kermānī, Ali Mohammad Bab, Shaikhism, Babism, Mulla Sadegh Moqaddas Khurasani.

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