صفحه اصلی Articles English Translate of Abstracts of Farsi Articles in Quarterly No. 21

English Translate of Abstracts of Farsi Articles in Quarterly No. 21

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Baha’ism and the basis of its modern development; An Analysis of the Baha’i Scholarship and Studies Project (Part II)

By: Mohammad Hosseini

Abstract

The first part of this article with attention to the  keyword decoding “Baha, Rockefeller i Scholarship” ; studies the  principles and objectives of the Baha’i Scholarship. In the second part of this article, with reference to the purposeful and organizational activity of the Baha’is in the United States, a part of the actions of satellite institutions in the United States will be pointed out. Some influential American foundations, such as Ford, Rockefeller, and Carnegie Endowment, have invested heavily in projects called the Cultural Cold War, backed by the powerful financial network of private-sector bankers.

The strategy of cultural unification and globalization of culture and science is one of the most important goals of the project. The case (New Baha’i Studies) that has been going on in the United States since the time of ‘Abdu’l-Bah. Then  Shoghi  has led to the establishment of large-scale Baha’i Foundations in the field of education and scholarships. Baha’i Foundations are also influential in the sustainable development of the United Nations  Goals through their relationship with super-foundations such as Rockefeller  and Ford. Thus, the project (New Bahai  Studies) is not merely a scholarly endeavor, but a cover for the growing involvement of the Bahaism Ideology in the program of international development. There is a significant relationship between recent Baha’i studies and the expansion of satellite foundations and institutions in the United States. In this section, an analysis of the basis for the modern development of the Bahai Organization will be provided in the coverage of the United Nations Development Program.

Keywords

 Baha’i Studies, Development, Scholarship, Institutional Order, World Order

 

 

The Finality  of the religion of Islam and the Mahdism of the Twelfth Imam in the book Basair al-Darajat

(Examining the views of Omid Ghaem Maghami)

By: 1. Syed Miqdad Nabavi Razavi – Master of Islamic History – Shahid Beheshti University

۲٫Maryam Sadat Emami Shoushtari – Master of Persian Literature – Al-Zahra University

Abstract

Omid Ghaem Maghami (Associate Professor of Arabic and Middle Eastern Studies at New York State University and a follower of the Baha’i Faith) in his studies about the Book  Basair al-Darajat  has dealt with it and said it is alien to these two teachings. This article, as the first letter in the study and critique of his Mahdism views, intends to reach the inaccuracy of his views from both intellectual and methodological points of view and shows that the book Basair Al-Darjat, in itself, the finality of Islam and the Mahdism of the Twelfth Imam have been approved .

Keywords

The book of encounters with the absent Imam, the book of Basair al-Darjat al-Kubra in the virtues of the family of Muhammad, the finality  of the religion of Islam and the Mahdism of the Twelfth Imam.

 

 

Prohibition of Baha’i Organizational and Propaganda Activities in Iran Under the Law on Adding Two Articles to the Law on Punishments and Deterrent Punishments (499 and  repeated 500)

By: Pouria Choupanzadeh  – Master of Laws

Hamid Farnagh  –  Master of International Law

Abstract

In 1399 H.S. (2020)  the law of adding two articles to the fifth book of the Islamic Penal Code (punishments and deterrent punishments) was approved  in principle 123 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran . According to Article 500, if “in the form of a sect, group, population or the like and the use of mind control methods and psychological instincts”, “any deviant educational or propaganda activity contrary to or contrary to the holy law of Islam” is carried out, facing the  punishment. According to that law , “Financing or any other kind of material support of the groups subject to this article” and “communication of the groups subject to this article with abroad to receive support or organizational guidance” will increase the punishment.

   This article analyzes the propaganda and organizational activities of the Baha’is in Iran in the content of this law, and examines the position of the propaganda of official religious minorities and groups such as the Baha’is from the perspective of the Iranian Constitution and international law treaties. According to the teachings and texts approved in the writings of the Bahai Leaders and the orders of its organisation  and accepted works of the Baha’is, it has been shown that the content of the planned Baha’i propaganda, which is done with the intention of converting the religion and thought of Iranians to Bahaism, is a clear example of prohibited actions. The Baha’i organization in Iran is also an example of a group with criminal activities within the framework of this law, which uses the support of foreign relations in order to attack the official religion of the country, attack the rules and Sharia and weaken the official religion of the country, and Attempts are being made to strike at the government and disrupt the public order of the country.

Key words

Propaganda, Baha’i, punishments, constitution, foreign relations

 

 

The Baha’ism in Tunisia  

Mohammad Gogani

Abstract

Baha’ism in Tunisia originated around 1921 with the arrival of the first Baha’i  Missionary from Egypt, Mohiuddin al-Kurdi. They claim to have made significant strides in promoting the Baha’i Faith and its principles over the past 100 years in Tunisia. The Republic of Tunisia is a country in North Africa with a population of about 11.8 million, of which more than 99 percent are Muslims. Christians, Jews, Baha’is, and infidels and non-believers make up less than 1 percent of the country’s population. A 2011 State Department report put the number of members of the Tunisian Baha’i community at about 150. This shows that the Baha’i community in Tunisia is not able to attract people to its religion, and after a hundred years of propaganda efforts, only a little over a hundred people have been able to convert to their religion. In addition, the Tunisian government considers Baha’ism as a heretical, non-Islamic sect. However, it seems that, contrary to the Baha’i Teaching that “Baha’is’ obey the laws of the country”, Baha’i  institutions and administrative offices are currently active in Tunisia.

Key words

Baha’ism in Tunisia, The Baha’is history in Tunisia, The Baha’is population of Tunisia, The  ban of the propagation and Baha’i organization in Tunisia, Founders of the Baha’i Faith in Tunisia, Tunisian Baha’i National Assembly, Mohammed Ibn Musa.

The girl of beach and Baha’ism

Take a look at the book of Dr. ‘Aisha Bint Al-Shati’s “Reading the Baha’i Documents”

Abdolhossein Fakhari, Maryam Safi aldin

Abstract

Dr. Bint Al-Shati is one of the educated, prominent and famous women in Islamic world. Although she was born in Egypt and grew up in that country, she gained worldwide fame through her researches, writings and educational activities in the universities in African and Asian countries. At the age of 37, she received her doctoral dissertation from Cairo University and married one of her professors. She left behind sixty books and hundreds of articles. Bint Al-Shati became famous with her book Tafsir called “Al-Tafsir Al-Bayani for the Holy Quran” and introduced the contemporary generation through her works about the women of the Ahl ul-Bayt (as). She is the first educated woman in the Islamic world to address the issue of the Baha’i Faith, and a book of about four hundred pages entitled “Reading the Baha’i Documents” examines the origins of the group and the challenges it posed in Egypt, and critiques its teachings.This article introduces in detail the views of this educated lady about the book of Baha’i Documents.

Keywords

 Bint Al-Shati, Baha’ism in Egypt, Al-Azhar Fatwa, Nineteen in Baha’ism, Baha’ism and Zionism, Baha’ism and Britain , Palestine, ‘Abdu’l-Baha ،, Golpayegani, Baha’i Documents

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